中国科学院自然科学史研究所

 

中国科学院自然科学史研究所特邀学术报告

 

帝国蓝图-古代中国的技术插图与统治

 

 

 

主讲人:Francesca Bray(白馥兰)

时间:2007924日(周一)9:30

地点:中国科学院自然科学史研究所大会议室

(详细地址见本邮件末尾)

 

 

Abstract:

 

Today the Chinese term tu usually refers to illustrations or maps. Historically, however, it denoted technical images: images which were designed as templates for specific forms of action or transformation. Some tu, like modern technical drawings, were a form of blue-print or flow-chart; others served rather as symbolic mediators, effecting transformation through the processes of drawing or contemplation. Since ancient times tu of both kinds have played a fundamental role in Chinese governance. Here I shall discuss the interplay between symbolic and representational tu, as deployed by rulers and officials to "promote agriculture", quannong  勸農, and to sustain the agrarian society upon which the Chinese imperial order depended.

 

 

摘要

”在当代汉语中通常代表图像或者地图,不过在历史上它却蕴涵着更多的技术含义:“”可以作为行动或变革的模板。古代的某些“”如同现代技术制图,属于蓝本或流程图的范畴;而另一些则是为实现变革目的而充当的象征性媒介。无论是哪一种“”,都在中国的帝国统治中扮演着重要角色。这里我打算讨论象征性“”与写实性“”之间的互动。统治者和官员用之来“勸農”,维系皇权统治所倚仗的农耕社会。

 

 

主讲人介绍

 

Francesca Bray, Professor of Social Anthropology, University of Edinburgh, UK

 

Francesca Bray was born in Cairo and brought up in London and Paris. She holds a BA in Chinese Studies and a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Cambridge. On completing her BA she began work as a researcher at the East Asian History of Science Library (Needham Research Institute) at Cambridge, where she authored the volume on Agriculture in Joseph Needham's series Science and Civilisation in China. She spent several years at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris, then taught for nearly twenty years at the University of California, first UCLA then UC Santa Barbara. She has held visiting appointments at various institutions including Yeongnam University, Korea and the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine at the University of Manchester. She was appointed to the Chair of Social Anthropology at Edinburgh in May 2005.

 

Bray's research focuses on the macro- and micro-politics of science, technology and medicine, and on the politics of writing on these themes. She is especially interested in comparative approaches that offer alternatives to Eurocentric accounts of science and technology. She has published on technology and gender in imperial China; rice economies and productivist farming; critical history of science in China; public reactions to genetically modified crops in the USA and Europe; medicine and modernity in the People's Republic of China; and technologies of everyday life in California, including the flush toilet.

 

 

附:中国科学院自然科学史研究所详细地址:

 

地址:北京市东城区朝阳门内大街137号孚王府内

乘车路线:101109112路电车或110420846路公共汽车“朝内小街”站下,路北进门右转,再向北走到头即是。

或乘24674路公共汽车“朝内小街”站下,自小街十字路口向西200米路北。